Many children find Mathematics difficult – even scary. The problem, as with many other subjects across the school curriculum, lies more often than not in the teaching-learning process itself. There are many simple ways to teach new concepts. The article shows how the abacus can be used to teach young children the concepts of carry over and borrowing.

Here are some innovative number activities for children that will make them work physically and mentally. And while they are at it, they will be having a lot of fun!

Here are some tried and tested “Modules” for learning different number concepts. Primary school teachers should find it simple enough to build the exercises into their regular teaching routines, as the method requires easily gathered materials and little organization.

Arvind Gupta demonstrates how to make a simple abacus using a used rubber slipper and pencils.


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