Innovative Teaching Methods of Social Science

The social sciences subject encompass diverse concerns of society and include a wide a range of content, drawn from the disciplines of history, geography, political science, economics and sociology. Therefore, Social Science teaching needs to be revitalized towards helping the learner acquire knowledge and skills in an interactive environment. In order to make the process of learning participative there is a need to shift from mere imparting of information to debate and discussion. This approach to learning will keep both the learner and teacher alive to social realities.


The Social Sciences curriculum over the past years has changed drastically both in content and methodology. It has often been noticed that there is an increasing gap between the promises made in the curriculum and what is happening at the level of the child’s perception. Therefore, selection and organization of resources to enable students to develop a critical understanding of society, is a challenging task. Teaching should be seen as an opportunity for teachers and students to learn together, thus developing a democratic culture within institutions.


There are many useful teaching methods to support effective teaching in social science to keep children motivated and fully occupied, but there is no single method of teaching which fits all the learning situations. Therefore, to make the learning of social science more enjoyable and effective, there is a need for innovations in teaching methods. Some of the methods which I have been using in my school to capture the attention of the children are given as below :-


This method is based on doing some hands-on experiments and activities. The students become active learners rather than passive recipients of information. The children are provided the opportunity to explore by their own so that the learning becomes joyful and long-lasting.


By visits to museums, students may explore the local surroundings and observe the activities of artisan communities engaged in different crafts using local skills and materials. The visits provide them opportunities and common platform to interact, experiment, create and perform according to their age, aptitude and ability and offer a barrier-free environment with immense possibilities of innovation.


This method involves the use of small group of students where each group will have a leader who initiates the discussion of the issue or subject matter. Students are more active than the teacher when this method is used. Every member of the group is given equal opportunity or chance of making contributions to any discussion.



This is one of the most effective methods of stimulating the students in what they learn. It is a natural way by which students express freely their understanding of the life around them. The method allows for a great deal of involvement and participation by the students physically, emotionally and mentally. The students who are less active in academic work can also be engaged in this activity. This will provide them the opportunity to create a sense of belonging.